- Soldier’s Woundwort
- Achillea eupatorium
- Achillea filicifolia
- Tanacetum angulatum
General: Fernleaf Yarrow is a flowering herbaceous plant in the Asteraceae (daisy) family.
Flowers: Are yellow and long-lasting. These large flower clusters are comprised of tiny rays and discs and can measure up to 10 cm across.
Stems: Are erect, rising above the foliage to 90 – 150 cm tall.
Leaves: Fern-like, aromatic (spicy) when crushed, and green. Fernleaf Yarrow leaves are generally 5 – 20 cm long, divided into as many as 15 pairs of thin, toothed segments, giving the plant a feathery or fern-like look (hence its name). Fernleaf Yarrow leaves grow fairly evenly in a spiral pattern along the stem. The leaves have a bitter taste.
Roots: Are shallow but fibrous and abundant, and they easily spread horizontally through the soil.
Habitat and Origin
Fernleaf Yarrow is native to the Caucasus and Central Asia.
Fernleaf Yarrow is commonly found flourishing in waste areas, meadows, pastures as well as alongside railway tracks and roads. It thrives in full sun and can subsist in a variety of soil conditions, but prefers dry soil.
Propagation & Vectors of Spread
Fernleaf Yarrow seeds are spread by humans and animals; root cuttings or fragments are also responsible for the plant’s vegetative spread. Lastly, since Fernleaf Yarrow is still sold in the horticultural trade, it is sometimes found in wildflower seed packs, sold in nurseries and planted by gardeners.
Ecological, Economic, & Health Impacts
- Toxic to dogs, cats and horses.
- Outcompetes native plants
- Reduces biodiversity
- Fernleaf Yarrow hosts powdery mildew, rust and stem rot, which can spread to farmers’ crops.
What Can I Do?
Fernleaf Yarrow is found throughout the Sea to Sky corridor, so PREVENTION of further spread is key:
Learn to identify Fernleaf Yarrow: use the images presented in this profile page to learn how to identify Fernleaf Yarrow
What to do if you spot it: You can report any Fernleaf Yarrow sighting by clicking here.
- Regularly monitor properties for weed infestations.
- Ensure soil and gravel are uncontaminated before transport.
- Minimize soil disturbances (e.g., use grazing plans that prevent soil exposure from overgrazing) and promptly revegetate disturbed areas to prevent the growth of Fernleaf Yarrow. Use seed mixes with dense, early colonization (e.g., alfalfa or barley) to revegetate exposed soil and resist invasion.
- Check wildflower mixes to ensure that they do not contain Fernleaf Yarrow.
- Ensure all flowering heads or buds are bagged or covered to prevent spread during transport to designated disposal sites.
- Maintain a healthy, thriving native plant community to help prevent the spread of Fernleaf Yarrow to some extent.
- Unload, park or store equipment or vehicles in infested areas; remove plant material from any equipment, vehicles or clothing used in such areas and wash equipment and vehicles at designated cleaning sites before leaving infested areas.
- Plant Fernleaf Yarrow in a garden, no matter how well-contained its enclosure may seem.
- Compost any flowering heads or buds. Instead, dispose of Fernleaf Yarrow in the general/household waste stream at the landfill as the seeds will be able to persist the composting process.
- Move soil, gravel, or fill that has been contaminated with Fernleaf Yarrow.
- Digging and hoeing areas where Fernleaf Yarrow has spread may help slo the plant’s spread, but mechanical control is only truly effective if it goes down at least 30 cm into the soil and removes all Fernleaf Yarrow plant material (since the rhizomes can generate new plants).
- Dicamba, chlorsulfuron, clopyralid, MCPA, tricloplyr and 2,4-D are all reported to be effective in controlling Fernleaf Yarrow infestations.
- We recommend that any herbicide application is carried out by a person holding a valid BC Pesticide Applicator Certificate. Before selecting and applying herbicides, you must review and follow herbicide labels and application rates; municipal, regional, provincial and federal laws and regulations; species-specific treatment recommendations, and site-specific goals and objectives.
There is no biocontrol available for this plant.
- Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Help, Fernleaf Yarrow, https://www.invasive.org/browse/subthumb.cfm?sub=13085&Start=1&display=60&sort=2
- Edible Wild Food, Fern Leaf Yarrow, https://www.ediblewildfood.com/fern-leaf-yarrow.aspx
- Gardenia, Achilllea filipendulina, https://www.gardenia.net/plant/achillea-filipendulina-gold-plate-yarrow
- Gardening Know How, Yarrow Control: Tips to Remove Yarrow https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/herbs/yarrow/eliminate-yarrow.htm
- Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States, Fernleaf Yarrow, https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=13085
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Achillea filipendulina, http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=277264&isprofile=0&
- National Gardening Association Plants Database, Fern-Leaf Yarrow, https://garden.org/plants/view/87246/Fern-Leaf-Yarrow-Achillea-filipendulina-Coronation-Gold/
- North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox, Achillea filipendulina, https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/achillea-filipendulina/
- United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Services, Fernleaf Yarrow, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ACFI